Starting with Ubuntu Linux – Ubuntu vs Other Linux
So , you want to get your first linux ssd vps but you are not pretty sure what Linux distribution to go with? You have hear many things about Ubuntu, Debian, and Linux at general but you have no idea what to pick and what is next? What is Ubuntu?
Well first of all , Ubuntu is an operating system based on Debian GNU / Linux ( www.debian.org ). Debian has been around since the early 90s, and because of its maturity, is regarded as a leading Linux distribution in terms of stability and security. Debian is also known for its strict adherence to free software (www.debian.org/intro/free). It is on this foundation that Ubuntu has been formed.
If you think of Linux as a cake in a bakery, the Linux kernel and operating system files would compose the soft spongy cake material itself. Not a whole lot to look at, but extremely functional as far as cake goes. Linux distributions, in contrast, take that spongy cake and add top and bottom borders, colors, tiers, side trim, frostings, flavors, decorations, designs, candles, nuts, and sprinkles :). As diverse as cakes are in a bakery windows, so are Linux distributions. Ubuntu, designed by the Canonical Group ( canonical.com _ is the icing and color of a Linux distribution built on top of a Debian cake center.
Ubuntu compared to other Linux distributions
If you log into the command line of both an Ubuntu system and a Red Hat Enterprise Linux or Fedora system, very little will look different. There are common directories and utilities between the two, and functionality is fundamentally the same. So what makes Ubuntu different from other Linux distributions? One difference is the installer.
The complexity of booting and installing Ubuntu has been narrowed down to a handful of mouse clicks, making many of the install decisions automatic based on assumptions as to what the average user may need and want. In cotrast, a Red Hat system presents the user with many install options, such as setting up a workstation or server, individually selecting packages to install, and setting administrative options.
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Another major difference among Linux distributions is in software management tools. The aim of the utilities and packaging systems is the same for Debian as for other Linux distributions, however the operation and implementations are significantly different. Ubuntu and most other Debian-based systems use the APT ( Advanced Package Tool) family of utilities for managing software. You use APT to install,remove,query,and update Debian (deb) packages. Red Hat uses an RPM packaging system to handle the same tasks with its rpm packages.
Another big difference is the way the systems look in regards to initialization, login screen, default desktop, wallpaper, icon set, and more. From this look-and-feel perspective, there are a lot of differences. Although Red Hat and Ubuntu both use the GNOME desktop as the default Windows Manager, the GUI tools used for administering the system and their locations on the drop-down menu are entirely different.
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Where to find Ubuntu Resources?
The Ubuntu community has a vast pool of knowledge you can draw from in the form of online resources. The following is a list of links to some of the most popular and useful venues.
- ubuntuforums.org – In this searchable web forum and moderated social network is a diverse, talented, and moderated community of Ubuntu users and support staff. Here people share their success and setbacks with each other as well as offering assistance and guidance. Chances are good that if you’re having difficulty with something in Ubuntu, someone has already run into the same problem and found a solution.
- ubuntu.com/support – This site offers paid support from Canonical Ltd., the company behind Ubuntu. If you don’t want to spend time searching through the forums, or waiting for responses, Canonical Ltd. Is one avenue for telephone, e-mail, and web support costing around $20 a month. There is also Ubuntu training available aimed at companies and corporate users.
- Help.ubuntu.com – This site contains the official, up-to-date, online documentation for each Ubuntu release. As newer Ubuntu releases come out, you can come here to find out what’s new.
- Lists.ububtu.com/mailman/listinfo/ubuntu-users – Join the Ubuntu-users mailing list and interact with Ubuntu users over e-mail to discuss and solve problems that come up with everything from implementing mysql databases to etting up a problematic network devices. An archive of past threads can be viewed at lists.ubuntu.com/archives/ubuntu-users.
- Wiki.ubuntu.com/IRCResourcePage – If you are interested in live IRC chat support, you can visit the Ubuntu IRC resource page to find guidelines, clients, and chat servers which are an available source of support, free at any time. It is advisable to visit the Ubuntu Code of Coduct page ubuntulinux.org/community/conduct/ ) if you have not taken part in IRC chat before.
Certainly this is not a complete list, but there are good places to look first. You can also try searching for Linux-related support web site prior to making your decision. And don’t forget the wealth of information you can find by searching for Linux on your favorite search engine.
Lastly, look for a local Linux User’s Group (LUG) in your area. A LUG is a local community of people keenly interested in Linux and its implementations. You will find people with a wide range of experiences, from system administrators to casual Linux users, to distro maintainers, to CEOs of companies. LUGs generally meet on a regular basic for group discussions and hold presentations to demonstrate ways they’ve found to implement Linux and other related technology.
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June 12, 2016
June 12, 2016